8 Pool Safety Rules For Children

It is really nice for the family and friends to enjoy a swim in the pool. But, if you’ve got small kids around, you need to enforce a couple of safety precautions to make sure that youngsters can enjoy their swim. Parents should keep an eye out when kids are swimming.

An inch of water is all it takes for a small child to drown. Many people believe that they’re going to hear a splashing sound or cry for help, but that’s not the case.

Here Are 8 Safety Tips For Keeping Children Safe In A Pool.

1. There should be fencing all around the pool area for protection. Four-Sided fencing around the pool will help to prevent the drowning of children. It should be at least four feet high. The fencing should have a self-closing, self-latching gate.

2. The area around the pool should be cleaned immediately after each use. Immediately remove any floating toys that are still in the water. Such toys can attract the attention of children and a child may reach to grab it and can fall in the pool unexpectedly.

3. Children should be strictly told to follow the safety rules that you have set. Pool decks can be wet and slippery. Many children feel excited close to the pool edge. Therefore, they should not be allowed to run in any situation. They should walk slowly and carefully. Children should be instructed to obey “no diving” rules in the shallow end.

4. Children should be allowed to enter the pool as long as they know how to swim. Send your child to swimming lessons. Children can start swim lessons at around three years old. Even if the child knows how to swim. Very young children should be within arm’s length of an adult. Never leave a child or children alone in the pool.

5. Safety equipment should be available close by if required. If you have a large pool, a rescue pole or “life hooks” are also good things to have on hand.

6. If you are not using the pool, cover it with a rigid safety cover. Even during the swimming season, It is better that the pool stay’s covered when not in use. The pool cover should fit securely over the pool’s entire surface.

7. If your child is swimming in an inflatable pool, you must empty it after each use. Never think that a child cannot drown in a blow-up pool. Small children don’t have the upper body strength to lift themselves and may drown easily by slipping over the soft side of an inflatable pool.

8. Never rely on floaters, water wings, inner tubes or noodles. You should only use flotation devices labeled “Coast Guard approved”. Drowning is always preventable. Whenever you’re taking your child near the pool or within the pool, you must be able to reach out and grab your child at all times.

Can You Swim In A Green Pool?

The question you are asking your self is can I swim in a green pool? The answer is NO. In this article, I will explain why pool water turns green and what that water can do to you if you swim in it.

Why Does Pool Water Turn Green?

1 There is an imbalance in the PH levels of the pool water.
2 The Chlorine levels are too low.
3 The alkalinity levels are too low.
4 The Oxidized Metal quantities example copper is too high. (High acid levels, Metal Components in pool equipment, Copper heater elements)
5 Excessive quantities of Pollen are in the water.

Here’s Why You Should Not Swim In A Green Pool

When your pool is green that means there is an imbalance in the PH levels of the pool. If the PH levels are out this means that the pool water is not sterilized.

When the pool water is not sterilized there is an opportunity for algae, bacteria, and pathogens (microorganisms that can cause disease) to be present and grow.

If this is the case, then if a swimmer has an abrasion on their skin, there is a potential for infection and a possibility of incurring a rash or folliculitis (inflammation of hair follicles).

If the pool water has any form of algae and bacteria in it, it will be the ideal breeding ground for mosquitoes and other insects that thrive in these conditions.

Excessive amounts of oxidized metals can turn a swimmers’ hair green and there is a good possibility that your pool walls will be stained.

High levels of the copper content in the pool water can irritate your mouth, eyes, and nose, cause headaches, nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, dizziness, and diarrhea.


It is not advisable to swim in a pool with water that is any color than clear blue. There are too many health problems that a person can incur from swimming in a green pool.

Rather sort out the PH levels first. Get the pool water crystal clear so that you and your family can enjoy the pool with no issues.

What Causes Black Algae To Grow In Your Pool?

There are many different types of algae that one can find in a pool. Black Algae is the worst. Black Algae has the most resistance to chlorine and other chemicals than any other type of algae.

The reason for this is that the black algae have tiny tentacles that grip into the porous pores of a gunite and concrete pool.

You will also get black algae in fiberglass and vinyl pools as well. The only difference is that it is easier to clean the fiberglass and vinyl pools.


Black Algae are living organisms that have hard outer shells that grow and cling to porous pool surfaces. Black algae take the form of black or blue-green spots and can be clumped together with raised heads.

They do not float in the water. Black Algae do not brush off the pool walls easily either. They are the worst form of algae and the most difficult to get rid of.


Black algae can enter your pool in various ways.

  1. From people’s bodies. If they have been swimming in a river, dam, lake or the sea, just before swimming in the pool.
  2. From people’s clothes, if they were swimming in a river, dam, lake or the sea just before swimming in the pool.
  3. Any animal that gets into pools water can have the black algae on there fur or paws.
  4. Pool Accessories, pool equipment, can all carry black algae into the water if these things are not regularly hosed off with water or washed off with diluted bleach.
  5. Swimming clothing should always be washed before it is worn to swim.
  6. Black algae will form if the pool circulation system is not functioning correctly.
  7. Black Algae will form if the pool filtration system is clocked or has not been maintained therefore cannot remove contaminants out of the water.
  8. If the PH level of the pool water is too high.
  9. If the pool pump is not running for a long enough period. Recommended period 8 to 12 Hours a Day.
  10. When the pool pump is not running every day.
  11. When the amount of chlorine in the pool water is too low.

How to remove Black Algae is a hard job, unfortunately, somebody has to do it. You can save money by doing it your self with a bit of help from the family. You can read how I got rid of black algae in my pool.

How To Get Rid Of Black Algae In Your Pool

Black algae are small living organisms that penetrate porous pool surfaces like gunite and concrete. The black algae roots grow into the cracks of the plaster where they lock-in and don’t like to let go.

There is an effective way to treat black algae and eliminate them from your swimming pool water. The problem with black algae is that it has roots that grow into the cracks of the inground pools plaster. With an above ground pool, you will get the black algae that start to form together as clumps in the water. The pool cleaning process will be very much the same for both types of pools.

This is what I have been able to do to treat black algae and stop it from returning and the pool chemicals that I have used.

Before you begin. These are the Supplies you will need.

  • Backwash hose
  • Filter cleaner
  • Filter cartridge
  • Test strips / Liquid test kit
  • Algae brush
  • Chemical-resistant gloves
  • Safety goggles
  • Chlorine tablet holder
  • Telescopic pole
  • Calcium hypochlorite shock
  • Pool Shock Treatment
  • Algaecide
  • Chlorine Tablets
  • Granular ChlorineClean your filters
  • Muriatic Acid
  • Sanitizer

1. Clean Your Pool Filters

When you have black algae in your pool, you definitely have black algae in the pool filter. If you have a DE or a Sand filter, I recommend that they are back washed and rinsed at least twice.

If you have a cartridge filter and the black algae infestation is bad then I suggest removing and rinsing the filter with filter cleaner or even replacing the filter.

2. Brush The Pool Walls And Floor

If your pool surface is gunite or concrete. Then I suggest using a very stiff-bristled brush or a stainless steeled bristled brush.

If your pool surface is fiberglass or vinal. Then I suggest using a soft-bristled pool brush.

Now that you have chosen a suitable brush for your pool surface, its time to get brushing. Now you need to brush the black algae from the sides then the bottom of the pool.

What this does is loosen the black algae from the pool wall and floor surfaces and puts it into the water.

This is where the pool shock will take over and kill the black algae.

Remember the black algae is very stubborn and grows into the cracks and tiny crevices of the pools plaster. That’s why, if after the first round of brushing you still see some black algae spots left. Brush for the second time.

If after the second round of brushing there is still black algae spots then its time to use the chlorine tablet.

Put on your chemical-resistant gloves and eye goggles. Break a 3-inch chlorine tablet in half and fit it into a Pentair Algee-Gon 3 Inch Chlorine Tablet Holder with the broken tablet edge facing outwards. Attach a pool pole to the chlorine tablet holder if necessary.

Now brush those areas that were not removed by normal brushing with the chlorine tablet. What the chlorine tablets do is apply chlorine directly onto the black algae which penetrate into the roots of black algae which start killing them off immediately.

3. Shock The Pool Water

Now that all the black algae are mixed and floating in the water it is time to shock treat the pool water. I highly recommend these pool chemicals, calcium hypochlorite shock to kill the black algae. Or you may use granular chlorine.

Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to determine your pool’s volume for the correct amount of chemicals needed for shock treatment. Then either increasing the shock level of treatment to 30 ppm or times the amount by four.

If you are not too sure how much water your pool holds?

Then you can use our pool volume calculator to work it out.

It’s a good idea to put all the pool equipment you used eg tablet holder, algae brush, pool pole leaf skimmer, etc into the shallow end so that they can be sanitized during the shocking process.

Remember its best to shock your pool at sunset or at night. If you shock your pool during the day most of the effects can be lost due to the sun eating away at the chlorine before it has a chance to kill the black algae.

I would recommend adding 1Quart of Algaecide. This chemical kills and prevents algae from growing again. This helps prevent further outbreaks of black algae.

4. Run The Pool Pump

To get the shock treatment chemicals to mix with the black algae you will need to run the pool pump for the next 24hours continuously. The pool water may turn cloudy, but that’s normal.

Continue at regular intervals to brush any remaining black algae off the walls and floor of your pool. I had to brush another 4 times to make sure there were no remaining black algae spots.

5. Re Clean The Pool Filters

When the pool pump is running all that black algae is going to be sent through the filters. You will have to clean the filters again after the 24hour pump cycle to get rid of the dead black algae.

Rinse with water or use a cartridge cleaner for the filter when dealing with black algae. It also depends on the severity of the infestation that you had.

The Sand and DE filters will need to be back washed and rinsed well to make sure all black algae spores are gone.

It is possible that the filters might need to be cleaned for the 3rd time after 48hrs have passed.

6. Check For Black Algae And Shock Pool Again If Necessary

After the initial shocking of the pool. Running the pump for 24hrs and cleaning the filters. If you still see black algae on the pool surfaces, shock treats the pool again.

When you shock the pool this time only double the recommended dose. Run the pool pump for another 24hours. Continue with the brushing. At least twice a day.

7. Test And Correct The Balance Of The Pool Water

After about 2 days your pool water should be free of all black algae. Using the correct test kit, test the water PH and Total Alkalinity chemistry levels and add the appropriate chemicals as needed to bring all the levels back to where they should be.

8. Now That The Black Algae Has Gone

I am sure you are exhausted after that job. I never want to do that again.

Regular pool maintenance every week is so important. Such as cleaning out the filters, running the pump, testing the water chemistry, vacuuming the pool, brushing the pool, etc.

This little bit of work when the pool stays clean is much better than a 2day nightmare. A clean pool is easier to maintain than a dirty pool.

Weekly maintenance keeps your pool safe for your family and pets.

How To Unblock A Pool Skimmer Line? A Complete Guide

A Pool Skimmer is one of the most important components of a pool’s circulatory system that keeps the pool water clean. A pool skimmer’s function is to remove the floating debris from the water surface and trap the debris in a storage basket before it reaches the pool pump.

Unfortunately, that debris can sometimes block the skimmer and line to the pump. This guide will explain how to unblock your pool skimmer line.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Blocked Pool Skimmer Line?

  1. If the filter pressure drops below 10psi
  2. A skimmer basket has no debris
  3. A Skimmer basket is not pulling water into itself.
  4. If you have two skimmers, one will be full of debris while the other one will have no debris.
  5. There will be a change in the noise from the pump. Higher pitch noise.
  6. There can be air bubbles going through the return jets in the pool.
  7. There can be no water going through the return jets in the pool.

If your pool has more than one skimmer, and you are suspecting there could be a blockage in one of the lines, then just remove the plastic cover that covers them and look to see if the water is flowing into the skimmer basket. Remember the pump must be running.
If you see no water flowing into the basket then that one is the blocked skimmer.

Equipment Needed To Unblock A Pool Skimmer Line

Skimmer plugs (If you have more than one skimmer)
Garden Hose and High-pressure Drain Jet
A Plumbing Snake
Drain Cleaning Bladder
Cleaning net

Unblocking A Pool Skimmer Line (Step By Step Instructions)

Step 1

For safety reasons, the pool pump motor must be switched off. Switch the pool pump timer off as well. There must be no possibility that the pump will start on its own. Put protective gloves on so you won’t get injured during the unblocking process.

Step 2

Remove all skimmer baskets and discard the debris. Even if your pool has more than one.

Step 3

Fit a skimmer plug into each skimmer line that you know is not blocked. It is very important to leave the blocked skimmer line open to allow water movement through that pipe.

Step 4

Remove the pool pump basket. Some pumps will have a cover that is held on by screws and other pumps will have a screw-on lid.
To remove the screw-on lid turn it counterclockwise.

Step 5

How To Unblock The Pool Skimmer Line using A Plumbing Snake

Push the end of the plumbing snake into the skimmer line until you feel resistance. If the end has not gone too far in it could be stuck in a bend of the skimmer pipe. keep on pushing and turning the plumber’s snake until it frees its self from the bend and goes deeper into the pipe until you hit the blockage or until you think you have reached the blockage.

Now rotate the plumbing snake against the blockage until you feel that the plumbing snake is going further down the pipe. This process might have to be repeated a couple of times to make sure that the blockage is totally broken up.

You will know it is working when you start to see small parts of debris floating in the pipe. You will know when the blockage is free when the plumber’s snake can move up and down the pipe freely with no restriction. Remove the plumbing snake. The plumbing snake can be inserted from either side of the skimmer pipe that is blocked.

How To Unblock The Pool Skimmer Line Using A Drain Cleaning Bladder

Attach the drain cleaning bladder to a garden hose that is connected to an outside water tap. Push the bladder down into the skimmer line. It should be inserted at least 6 inches down the pipe. Turn the water on slowly until it is at full pressure. After the bladder fils up it will force water pressure into the pipe and the blockage should clear.

Leave the water running for a few minutes and you should see debris and water coming out the other end of the skimmer pipe. If not then try the bladder again. Before removing the drain bladder switch the water off so that the bladder can deflate to facilitate easy removal.

Also, the drain cleaning bladder can be inserted from the opposite side of the skimmer pipe if the blockage persists or to make sure that the skimmer pipe is clear.

How To Unblock The Pool Skimmer Line Using A Garden Hose

Attach an adjustable high-pressure cleaning nozzle to a garden hose pipe. Connect the other end of the hose to an outside tap.
Switch the water on so that you can adjust the nozzle so that a solid high-pressure spray of water comes out. This is what is needed to unblock the skimmer line. Now insert the nozzle and garden hose as far as you can into the intake line of the pool pump.

Make sure the skimmer pipe plugs of the unblocked skimmers are secure. Turn on the outside tap. The water will flow back towards the pool. The water pressure should unblock and blow all the debris out into the pool. Another way is to push the garden hose by its self without the pressure nozzle into the skimmer line until you can feel it pushing against the blockage.

Then turn the water on and keep on moving the hose back and forth against the blockage vigorously until the blockage starts to break apart. You will see debris flowing back into the pool or into the pump. Switch the water off and remove the garden hose.

Step 6

Remove all the skimmer plugs that were inserted into the other skimmer pipes. Remove all debris that returned into the pool with a pool skimmer net.

Step 7

Clean and replace all the skimmer and pool pump baskets that were removed. Replace all the skimmer lids as well as the pool pump basket lid.

Step 8

Switch on your pool pump and make sure water is flowing into every skimmer. This is to make sure that there is no more blockage.
After about 5 minutes switch off the pump and clean out the pump basket. This is to make sure that whatever debris was left in the skimmer lines is now gone.