How To Clean The Cartridge Filter Of Your Pool

The more a cartridge filter works, the more it clogs up. And the more it clogs, the less it is able to filter the dirt and impurities present in the water of your pool. This is why it is important to clean it regularly.

Why clean the cartridge filter?

The cartridge filter is an important piece of equipment that allows quality filtration due to its pleated filter media. The only downside is that this type of pool filter gets dirty and clogs quite quickly.
If you want to have an optimal filtration system and swim in perfectly clean pool water, it is therefore important to clean it regularly. In high season, when the pool is used every day, it is also advisable to clean the cartridge filter at least once or twice a week.

How to dismantle the cartridge filter to clean it?

The first step to cleaning a pool cartridge filter is of course to dismantle it. To do this, you must first switch off the pool pump. and close the outlet and inlet valves.
Then, once you have opened the drain plug, you will be able to access the filter cover. Once the filter cover is open, then remove the filter from its tank. Before cleaning the filter, do not forget to clean the bottom of the tank!

Note: When you have finished cleaning, replace the filter, close the drain plug, re-open the valves, and restart the pool pump.

Equipment Needed to clean the cartridge filter

To clean a cartridge filter properly, you just need a jet of water and a soft brush. For the cleaning to be done thoroughly and to be effective, do not hesitate to move all the folds of the filter, and always clean from the inside to the outside.

Note: For your convenience, there are commercially available, water jet heads and cleaning brushes that are specifically designed for cleaning cartridge filters.

Soak the cartridge filter to remove fatty deposits

To remove fatty deposits (sun oils, algae, etc.), it is also necessary to soak the cartridge filter for at least 3-4 hours (an entire night if possible) in a pool filter cleaner that can be purchased from your local pool store.
Alternatively, you can also soak the cartridge filter in a water-washing-up liquid mixture, or a water-bicarbonate mixture.
And when your cartridge filter is clogged up with mineral deposits (copper, iron, etc.), you can soak the filter for 15 minutes in a water-hydrochloric acid mixture (20 parts of water for one part of acid).

It is very important to rinse the cartridge well with water before putting it back in its tank!

How To Vacuum An Above Ground Pool

If you are the new owner of an above-ground pool or have just taken over the cleaning duties, sooner or later you will need to operate the vacuum cleaner.

The manual suction system consists of a sweeper’s head with brushes and rollers, and a roll of ribbed plastic pool hose, and a long pole made of either metal or fiberglass.

While vacuuming a pool can be tedious, it’s a breeze once the technique is mastered. So, if you’re tempted to neglect your maintenance schedule, remember that debris at the bottom of a pool can cause algae growth, and swimming in green, slimy water is not fun at all.

Firstly remove leaves, insects, and other debris from the surface of the pool using a deep or regular net scoop. Check the skimmer basket and the pump basket for debris and clean them if necessary.

Turn on the pool pump and make sure that water flows easily through the filter.

Attach the swivel end of the pool hose to the suction head. Attach the head to the extension and lower the assembly into the pool, extending the adjustable pole until the suction head reaches the bottom of the pool. Lock the adjustable pole and press it against the edge of the pool.

Hold the free end of the suction hose in front of the water return jet to completely fill the water hose with water. Keep one hand on the pole to prevent the vacuum head from floating to the surface when air is pushed out of the vacuum head.

Continue to prime the hose until it is full of water and no more bubbles escape from the vacuum head.

Keep the end of the hose submerged while removing it from the return water jet then attach it to the inlet fitting of the skimmer. Some vacuums require plugging the end of the hose directly into the suction port.

If you need to remove the end of the water hose to insert it into the suction hole, do so as quickly as possible to avoid leaving too much air in the hose.

Stand in a position so you can see the bottom of the pool clearly. Slowly move the vacuum head over the bottom of the pool, slightly overlapping the previous path with each new vacuum head pass.

Keep the vacuum head underwater at all times, otherwise, the vacuum cleaner will lose its effectiveness due to air being drawn into the system. Continue to vacuum until the bottom is completely clean.

A Word Of Advice

Brush the edges of the pool the night before vacuuming to remove debris, then vacuum the pool in the morning before anyone uses it. Adjust your water returns jets so that the body of water moves continuously in a circular pattern.

This allows the debris to be concentrated in the center of the bottom of the pool, where it is easier to vacuum. When you have finished vacuuming use the pressure gauge on the filter to determine if a “back-wash” is necessary.

How To Regulate the PH of a Pool.

The pH level of the water is a very important value for safe swimming and enjoying clean, crystal clear water.

Knowing how to adjust the pH levels of a pool is very important for the safety of swimmers. Along with chlorine, pH is a fundamental element for the water to be clean and clear.

But, in addition, keeping the pH at the appropriate level prevents the formation of microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi.

The pH is an index that indicates the acidity or alkalinity of the water. Normal values ​​should be between 7.2 and 7.6. This index must be measured together with that of chlorine since both the pH and chlorine are responsible for making the pool water suitable for swimming. Most experts agree that the ideal value for chlorine is 1 ppm (that is, parts per million) and the recommended alkalinity level is 125-150ppm.

If the chlorine content is high you do not smell anything or see anything suspicious in the water that alerts a person to it, because the chlorine does not smell. What smells is the reaction of the chlorine to sweat or urine, which causes the appearance of chloramine, which is highly toxic and dangerous to a person’s health.

Therefore, if the pH level is not adequate and the chlorine is high, the damage to a person’s health is serious.

For its part, alkalinity plays a very important role in controlling the pH, because if it is not correct, you will not enjoy swimming because the water will not be clean and clear.

Therefore, whether the pH is above ​​or below the normal values, the problems it causes both in the water and in our body’s is serious. Hence, it is necessary to check its levels frequently with various pool treatments.

What will happen if the pH level is below the recommended value?

If the pH value is below 7.2, the water will be acidic. The symptoms of a swimmer are itching and stinging of the eyes and nose, dryness, irritation of the throat, stinging and itching of the skin, irritation, and dryness, appearance of eczema, or redness of the skin can appear.

But not only does your body suffer. The pool equipment can corrode by the acidity of the water, especially those metal parts and those made of cement. It is also normal for the mosaic tiles to detach themselves from the walls and bottom of the pool. They could end up floating or be found at the bottom of the pool. This is not safe for a swimmer who could cut themselves while swimming.

What will happen if the pH level is above the recommended value?

If the pH value of our pool is above 7.6, the water will be alkaline. The symptoms of a swimmer are dry and irritated skin. But the biggest problem is the water, which will become cloudy, even greenish, as the algae start to appear. Even if you try to raise the chlorine levels to eliminate them, it will be impossible if you do not regulate the pH level first.

As if that were not enough, the high pH will promote the formation of lime deposits in the pool water. These lime deposits will be embedded in the pipes and other installations, affecting their functionality. The lime will also stick to walls and floors, affecting the appearance, and cleanliness of the pool.

Therefore, to know if the pH level is high we will have to measure it with a test kit that measures both the pH and the chlorine in your pool.

How to raise the pH level of a pool

If the pH level is low, you will have to use ph UP that you can buy in any pool store. There are solids, liquids, and granules and their function is to reduce the acidity of the water.

How to lower the pH level of a pool

If the pH level is high, you will have to make use of a pH DOWN, which comes in the form of both granules and liquids. With the use of the pH DOWN the alkalinity falls and the pH increases in value.

How to make your pool water crystal clear

To ensure that the water in your pool is clean and clear, it is important that the pH level of the pool water is correct, but also that of chlorine. How do you achieve that? By checking the levels regularly. It is important to know that there are aspects such as the effects of the sun, the number of people who are swimming at a certain time, and the remains of sunscreen in the water that destabilize these values. Therefore, it is essential to frequently measure the pH and chlorine levels in the pool.

How Do Variable Speed Pool Pumps Work?

I have been wondering if I should change my conventional single speed pool pump to a variable speed pump when mine gives trouble or packs up.

I have done some research and found out how a variable speed pool pump works. In this article, I will be sharing my findings and the advantages of these pumps with you.

A variable speed pool pump works by sensing water pressure on the outlet side of the pump and it electronically alters the speed of the pump to keep the outlet pressure constant. This type of pump stops pressure and flow spikes. 

With a conventional single-speed pool pump, the pump works at a max rpm all the time. The pressure and flow cannot be altered unless the outlet pipe size is changed. Therefore it uses max power all the time.

A pool pump has an electric motor that spins an impeller which in turn pumps water through the pool system. The variable speed pool pumps electric motor design is different in that it has an electronic switching and control system. With a variable speed pool pump, a pressure sensor is mounted on the outlet of the pump, and this pressure sensor measures the operating pressure of the pump. A VSD controller ( Variable Speed Motor Driver) which is mounted on top of the electric motor can be manually set so that it keeps the outlet pressure of the pump constant, no matter what flow is required out of the pump.

If the outlet pressure is set at 10PSI. The pump will alter its speed, either speed up or slow down according to the flow demands of the water on the pump. If you are just circulating the pool water the pump speed will be slow. When the demand is greater like when you are using the robotic pool cleaner, the pump speed will be faster.

This means that instead of the motor using 6 Amps, it will be using possibly 2 Amps to do the work and overtime this saves a lot of money.

Do Variable Speed Pool Pumps Really Save You Money?

Yes, they do. With a variable speed pool pump, there is a balance between economy and performance. If you purchase a variable speed pool pump, you will spend about $159.87 per year on your energy bill. That is an annual saving of $549.99 from the conventional single-speed pump. The cost difference between a standard 2.0 HP pump and a variable speed pump is about $750.00. You will recover this cost difference in about 16 months. In total will save 40 – 50% on your pool energy costs.

What Are The Advantages Of Variable Speed Pool Pumps

These pumps have four key benefits. They offer huge energy savings, better filtration for pool water, they are quieter in operation than other conventional pumps. There is less stress on other pool equipment when the pump is running at low speeds.

How Long Do Variable Speed Pool Pumps Last?

Variable speed pool pump motors last at least 6-8 years, often longer. Variable speed pool pumps have magnetic drive motors. These motors create less friction and offer higher energy efficiency compared to their older counterparts, which have copper winding motors.

Which Is The Best Variable Speed Pool Pump?

  1. The Hayward SP2610X15: The Best Pool Pump For A Stable Flow Rate.
  2. The Pentair 011018 IntelliFlo: The Best Variable Speed Pool Pump For Horsepower.
  3. The Hayward SP2302VSP Max-Flo: The Best Variable Speed Pool Pump For Easy Installation.
  4. The Hayward SP3400VSP EcoStar: The Best Variable Speed Pool Pump For Debris.
  5.  The Hayward SP15932S Power-Flo Matrix: The Best Two-Speed Pool Pump For Reduced Maintenance.

How To Change A Pool Light Bulb In 9 Easy Steps

Has your pool light bulb blown? By following these 9 easy steps you will be able to change the bulb in no time.

You will need:

  • A replacement bulb
  • A replacement lens gasket
  • Flat-head screwdriver
  • Phillips-head screwdriver
  • Multimeter
  • A couple of towels

Turn off all the electrical power to the pool. Go to your main circuit breaker box for your house. There should be a circuit breaker for the pool. Switch it off. Then go to the pool area where you should have another electrical box, housing other circuit breakers for the pool lights and pool pump. Switch all those circuit breakers off too. You need to make sure the electricity is off because you will be working with the pool lights in the water so you do not want to get electrocuted.

Remove the single pilot screw from the top of the pool light housing. You will need to use a Philips or a Flathead screwdriver. Turn the screw counterclockwise. If the light is too low or if your arm is too short to reach from the side of the pool you will have to get into the pool to remove the screw and pool light.

Remove the light from the Niche Box by using a Flathead screwdriver. Once the light is loose, remove it from its niche box and place it on a towel on the pool deck. The lights cord would be long enough for you to do this. Wipe the light dry with a towel.

Remove the lights face ring, lens gasket, and lens to get to the light bulb. If there is corrosion on any of these parts they will need to be cleaned off before assembly.

Unscrew the blown light bulb. Wipe the inside of the light fixture clean with a towel. Screw in the new bulb. Do not overtighten it. Now fit the lens back with the new lens gasket. Lastly, refit the face ring.

Switch the main breaker back on to see if the new globe is working before you refit the light back in the pool. Do not switch the pool light on for more than 3 seconds when it is out of the pool as it can burn out. If the light does not work then there is generally a problem with the wiring. The pool lights wiring works on the negative side of its electrical circuit. Have a qualified electrician fix the fault if you are not confident to do so by yourself.

When the light is working switch off the main breaker before refitting the light in the pool. Submerge the pool light underwater for 1 minute to see if the lens gasket is sealing correctly. There should be no air bubbles coming from the outer edges of the face ring and there should be no water inside the light housing.

Refit the light back into the pool wall. Put the wiring into the niche first then refit the pool light. Tighten the pilot screw clockwise back into the top of the pool light housing.

Turn the main breaker back on to double-check that the light works. You have successfully replaced your pool light globe in about one hour. Well done. Enjoy your swimming at night.