How To Vacuum An Above Ground Pool

If you are the new owner of an above-ground pool or have just taken over the cleaning duties, sooner or later you will need to operate the vacuum cleaner.

The manual suction system consists of a sweeper’s head with brushes and rollers, and a roll of ribbed plastic pool hose, and a long pole made of either metal or fiberglass.

While vacuuming a pool can be tedious, it’s a breeze once the technique is mastered. So, if you’re tempted to neglect your maintenance schedule, remember that debris at the bottom of a pool can cause algae growth, and swimming in green, slimy water is not fun at all.

Firstly remove leaves, insects, and other debris from the surface of the pool using a deep or regular net scoop. Check the skimmer basket and the pump basket for debris and clean them if necessary.

Turn on the pool pump and make sure that water flows easily through the filter.

Attach the swivel end of the pool hose to the suction head. Attach the head to the extension and lower the assembly into the pool, extending the adjustable pole until the suction head reaches the bottom of the pool. Lock the adjustable pole and press it against the edge of the pool.

Hold the free end of the suction hose in front of the water return jet to completely fill the water hose with water. Keep one hand on the pole to prevent the vacuum head from floating to the surface when air is pushed out of the vacuum head.

Continue to prime the hose until it is full of water and no more bubbles escape from the vacuum head.

Keep the end of the hose submerged while removing it from the return water jet then attach it to the inlet fitting of the skimmer. Some vacuums require plugging the end of the hose directly into the suction port.

If you need to remove the end of the water hose to insert it into the suction hole, do so as quickly as possible to avoid leaving too much air in the hose.

Stand in a position so you can see the bottom of the pool clearly. Slowly move the vacuum head over the bottom of the pool, slightly overlapping the previous path with each new vacuum head pass.

Keep the vacuum head underwater at all times, otherwise, the vacuum cleaner will lose its effectiveness due to air being drawn into the system. Continue to vacuum until the bottom is completely clean.

A Word Of Advice

Brush the edges of the pool the night before vacuuming to remove debris, then vacuum the pool in the morning before anyone uses it. Adjust your water returns jets so that the body of water moves continuously in a circular pattern.

This allows the debris to be concentrated in the center of the bottom of the pool, where it is easier to vacuum. When you have finished vacuuming use the pressure gauge on the filter to determine if a “back-wash” is necessary.

How To Clean The Sand Filter In Your Pool

Backwashing a swimming pool sand filter is an important element of pool maintenance. It ensures that swimming pool water is filtered correctly at all times. A sand filter needs to be back-washed once every 2 weeks or when the automatic pool cleaner moves slowly around the swimming pool.

How do swimming pool sand filters work? 

Before learning how to backwash the sand filter, let’s first get to know its main element and how it works. 

Sand as the filter medium:

This natural element has a great capacity to filter water. Today it is the filter medium most used in swimming pool filters and thanks to them the water remains impeccable. 

A Fact to remember: This filtration method is one of the most effective.

How do sand filters work?

  • They transfer the water through the filter distributor from the top to the bottom. 
  • They trap all dirt and any impurities present within the water, due to the small sand particles that the sand is made up of.
  • As the filtration cycle continues, little by little more contaminants are deposited between the sand particles.
  • Finally, when the water entering the filter reaches 10 pounds compared to the water leaving the filter reaching 20 pounds, it is then time to backwash the filter. This difference in pressure can be noticed when observing the pressure meters located on each side of the filter inlet and outlet pipes.

Another fact to remember: The average life span of sand filters are 5 to 15 years.

How To Clean Your Sand Filter

1] Switch off the swimming pool pump motor.

2] Disconnect the automatic pool cleaner or anything else that is connected to the pool weir.

3] Remove and clean both the weir and pool pump baskets. Refit baskets back into place.

4] Set the multiport valve onto the BACKWASH position. Remember to push down on the multiport handle first to unlock it before turning the handle. This prevents the multiport valve seal from being damaged.

5] Check to see that the waste hose is laying in the correct place, as this is where all the dirty water from the sand filter is going to. Also to make sure that the dirty water is not returning back into the swimming pool.

6] Switch on the swimming pool pump and allow it to run for at least 2 minutes or until the water in the sight glass is clear.

7] Switch off the swimming pool pump motor again.

8] Push the multiport handle down and turn it to the RINSE position. This is to recompact the loose sand after the backwash cycle.

9] Switch on the swimming pool pump for 20 seconds.

10] Switch off the swimming pool pump again.

11] Push the multiport handle down and turn it to the FILTER position.

12] Reconnect the automatic pool cleaner to the weir and resume normal filtration and cleaning.

As you can see, sand filters are important regarding pool filtration to be taken care of so your pool can be kept impeccable at all times.

For this reason, it is essential to ensure that the filter is always in optimal condition, and it is very important to clean it regularly. 

Also, doing a backwash to the filter of your pool is not a complicated task nor does it take up much time.

So now that you know how to clean a pool filter, all you have to do is make your pool crystal clear and enjoy it.